- Coordinating conjunctions (अनाश्रित संयोजक)
2. Subordinating conjunctions (आश्रित सयोजक )
Rule of Conjunction:-
1) नीचे दिए गए word अगर sentence मे मिल जाते है तो इनको निम्नलिखित अनुसार बदल देना चाहिए
- Either – Or
- Neither – Nor
- Both – And
- Not only – But also
- Not either – Or
- Although – Yet
- Though -Yet
- If – Then
- Hardly – When/ Before
- Scarcely – When/ Before
- No sooner – Than
- Whether – Or
- Between – And
- Rather – Than
- Other – Than
- He is either intelligent or honest.
- If you come here, then I will teach you.
- No sooner does he arrive than he begins to work.
2) नीचे दिए गए word अगर sentence मे मिल जाते है तो इनको निम्नलिखित अनुसार बदल देना चाहिए
- As – As ( इतना – जितना )
- As – So ( जैसा – वैसा ) ‘as a result’
- As you do, so you get.
- Sweta us bit as beautiful as he says.
- So – As ( इतना – जितना )
- So – That ( इतना – कि ) ‘as a result’
- He is so weak that he cannot walk.
- Priya is not so dull as the teacher expected.
- Such – As ( ऐसा – जो )
- Such – That ( ऐसा – कि ) ‘as a result’
- It was such a cold night that I stopped writing.
- Such a boy as I know is at the party.
- Not – But ( नहीं – परन्तु )
- He does not like Priti but Nilu.
- Such that ( ऐसा की )
- His speech was such that everyone liked him.
- Else but ( बल्कि )
- He wants nothing else but to go to bed.
- As if / As though ( मानो )
- She looks as if/ as though she is a heroine.
- Even if ( चाहे )
- I will not cheat the students even if i am hanged.
- After word ‘Doubt’ use conjunction ‘that’ in negative or interrogative sentence
- use conjunction ‘if/ whether’ after word ‘Doubt’ in simple sentence
- He doubts if/ whether Manisha will marry him.
- I have not any doubt that the publisher will cheat me.
- Use conjunction ‘that’ after word ‘the reason’
- This is the reason that he is not appearing at the examination.
- Use of ‘Least’ ( ऐसा न हो के/ ताकि … न )
- Work hard lest you should fail.
- Use of ‘Otherwise, else and or else’ ( नहीं तो/ अन्यथा )
- Don’t walk on the slippery place otherwise/ else/ or else you will slip.
- Use of ‘So and Therefore’ ( जिस कारण से )
- Munna was guilty so/ therefore he was punished.
- He missed the morning train; he, therefore, is waiting for the next train.
- Use of ‘As soon as’ and ‘As long as’ ( ज्योही … त्योंही ) and ( जबतक )
- As soon as the publisher entered the office, his employees began to work.
- You need not fear as long as God is with you.
- Use of conjunction ‘Like’ हिंदी में ( के समान ) के रुप में और conjunction ‘As’ हिंदी में ( जैसा ) रुप में करते है
- He looks like me.
- Mr. Srivastav worked like a doctor.
- He asked me to do as he had done.
- Use of conjunction ‘But’ हिंदी में ( परन्तु ) के रुप में और conjunction ‘However’ हिंदी में ( जैसा ) के रुप में करते है।
- He is hard working but not intelligent.
- He will never succeed, however hard he tries.
Some other important Rule of Conjunction are –
1.) Use of conjunction ‘Till, Until और Unless’
- I shall wait until/till you come.
- You should not waste your time unless you are not timid.
2.) Use of conjunction ‘When और while’
After that part of sentence that have completed work then we will use this conjunction in the sense of time.
- When I reached the station, the train started.
- While I was in Patna, my beloved was in Darbhanga.
3.) Use of conjunction ‘Since’
…………Present perfect tense … (,) … Simple past tense ….. + since+….
It is period of time + since + Simple past tense …..
If audience and reader know reason already, then we will use ‘As/ Since’ in the starting of sentence.
- My brother has not written to me since he went to Mumbai.
- It is eight years since my grandmother died.
- As she is ill, she does not come to attend the class.
4.) Use of conjunction ‘For’
This preposition used for to get some additional information.
- The passengers decided to stop the bus and drink water, for they were feeling thirsty.
5.) Use of conjunction ‘Because’
It is used to express the reason or answer of any question.
And by using this preposition, the reader know unknown information.
- Because Mr. Kapoor had been ill for two months, he lost his job.
- I was punished because I had stolen his watch.
6.) Use of conjunction ‘If and When’
Conjunction ‘If” is used for ‘uncertainty’ and express ‘condition’.
But Conjunction ‘When’ is used for ‘certainty’ and express ‘time’.
- When you come, I will help you.
- If you want to see me, you must come to my office.
Fill in the blanks with appropriate conjunctions with answers
- She was intelligent but she was poor.
- He waited for me until I came back.
- The patient had died before the doctor came.
- Five years have passed since I left the college.
- Neither the father nor his son was arrested.
- Both Meena and Veena are beautiful.
- Although she works hard, yet she fails.
- Make haste, otherwise you will miss the bus.
- I want to know who has called out my name.
- Although it is costly, yet we have bought it.
- Hardly had we reached the college when the bell rand.
- Make hay while the sun shines.
- She is not only laborious but also naughty.
- The people know that God is almighty.
- You should not touch the electric wire unless you are careless.
- No sooner did the students see the teacher than they started running to their classroom.
- The thief ran away lest he should be caught.
- If you come, I shall go.
- Either you or your sister has done.
- He would rather die than beg.
- Mohan is tall, but is brother is short.
- There are thirty boys and twenty girls in the class.
- The current was fast, nevertheless we swam across the river.
- She sings as a nightingale does.
- He cried like a mad man.
- Wait here while I return.
- Strike the iron as it is hot.
- He is slow but he is confident.
- I ran fast but missed the bus.
- Wait here until I can open the door.
- Two and two make four.
- Take care or you fall.
- Catch me and I will accept that you are fast.
- Water and oil will not mix.
- While I was watching television last night. I completed my homework.
- Gulshan remained at home as his father was ill.
- Dalip runs faster than Jitender.
- As I was tired, I sat down to rest.
- She sang as she worked.
- The fog disappears after the sun rises.
- Gita is as tall as Sita is.
- Mohan has not written to me since he went to Delhi.
- He likes tea while his brother likes coffee.
- Sham is more intelligent than Ram.
- I would rather die than beg.
- The students were making a lot of noise, just then the principal came there.
- She will not go until you promise to help her.
- I ran fast lest I should miss the train.
- It was three o’clock when the police arrived.
- He did not succeed although he worked.
- He us so poor that he cannot pay his fees.